Multiple host factors involved in endocytosis and transmembrane protein processing, including the endoplasmic reticulum membrane complex emc, are important for flaviviral replication. It is a mosquitoborne, single positivestranded rna virus of the family flaviviridae. These may include a high fever, headache, vomiting, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash. Number of reported cases of dengue and severe dengue sd in the americas, epidemiological week 11 2017 pdf, 61kb. In the standardised guidelines for epidemiological monitoring and laboratory diagnosis of infection with zika virus in mexico, it is proposed that 10% of patients with confirmed zika virus infection will be tested for dengue and chikungunya to identify coinfections. Dengue fever, a mosquitoborne disease, is associated with illness of varying severity in countries in the tropics and sub tropics. Though india is considered as dengue hyperendemic country, limited data are available on disease epidemiology.
Arboviral disease reporting and investigation guideline. Since 2000, new caledonia has had recurrent denv1 outbreaks 2. Dengue incidence has increased in the americas over the past three decades, from 16. Each denv has four or more genetic groups or genotypes. Forty percent of the worlds population, about 3 billion people, live in areas with a risk of dengue. Vietnam 2008, indonesia 2010, 20, and china 2005, 20 figure 1. There is no treatment for dengue fever, and about 40 percent of the worlds population is at risk. Dengue virus more likely to cause neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, hemorrhage, shock, and death patients with suspected chikungunya should be managed as dengue until dengue has been ruledout o proper clinical management of dengue reduces the risk of medical complications and death. Together, their studies generate a systemswide view of humanflavivirus interactions. Reservoir hosts for the virus are monkeys and above all, humans. Dengue is a mosquitoborne flavivirus found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, mostly in urban and semiurban settings.
Symptoms typically begin three to fourteen days after infection. Dengue is often a leading cause of illness in areas. Martin county dengue outbreak and serosurvey martin. Imported zika virus infection from the cook islands into.
Dengue reported in england, wales and northern ireland. Pregnant women in any trimester should consider postponing travel to. During 2014, a dengue epidemic occurred in southern china figure 1. Zika virus continues to circulate and cause locallytransmitted disease in. Global incidence of dengue has grown dramatically in recent decades. Dengue virus is transmitted by mosquito around the tropical and subtropical regions. Dengue is defined by fever as reported by the patient or healthcare provider and the presence. The present study includes molecular characterization of dengue virus strains occurred in hyderabad, india, during the year 2014. You can be infected by at least two if not all four types at different times during your lifetime, but only once by the same type.
Preliminary seroepidemiological survey of dengue infections. It is the fastest spreading vectorborne viral disease and is now endemic in over 100 countries, resulting in 40% of the worlds population living in an area at risk for dengue. The disease is caused by four serologically and genetically distinct viruses termed dengue virus denv 1, 2, 3 and 4. Jan 05, 2014 virology volume 448, 5 january 2014, pages 176184. The information in the present report takes account of board members comments. Aedes mosquitoes transmit the virus and are common. There was a largescale dengue epidemic in guangdong province, china during 2014 and around fifty thousands dengue fever cases, including six deaths, have been reported.
There are four dengue virus denv types denv1, denv2, denv3, and denv4, all of which are capable of inducing severe disease dengue hemorrhagic fever dhf dengue shock syndrome dss. The virus is passed to humans through the bites of an infective female aedes mosquito, which mainly acquires the virus while feeding on the blood of an infected person. In july 20, a caribbeanwide virtual meeting was held to educate highranking medical personnel on how to detect the virus. Hills, marc fischer, in principles and practice of pediatric infectious diseases fifth edition, 2018. Consider the possibility of zika virus infection in travelers with acute fever, rash, arthralgia, or conjunctivitis within 2 weeks after return. Coinfection with zika and dengue viruses in 2 patients, new. In 2014, circulation of denv1 and denv3 was still reported in this country 3. It is unclear how the virus first spread to the americas mosquito population. We investigated dengue and chikungunya virus antibody seroprevalence in french polynesia during 2014 2015. Request pdf reemergence and autochthonous transmission of dengue virus, eastern china, 2014 in 2014, 20 dengue cases were reported in the cities of. Dengue knowledge for medical students and physicians. Dengue fever is transmitted by the bite of an aedes mosquito.
The burden of dengue virus infections increased globally during recent years. At the sixtyseventh world health assembly in may 2014, several member states raised the. Each year, an estimated 390 million people are infected. Request pdf reemergence and autochthonous transmission of dengue virus, eastern china, 2014 in 2014, 20 dengue cases were reported in the cities of wenzhou 5 cases and wuhan 15 cases. Zikv is believed to be transmitted to humans by aedes spp. The presence of fever, rash, and headache the dengue triad is characteristic of dengue fever. Worldwide there are four known serotypes of dengue virus. Dengue viruses have spread rapidly within countries and across regions in the past few decades, resulting in an increased frequency of epidemics and severe dengue disease, hyperendemicity of multiple dengue virus serotypes in many tropical countries, and autochthonous transmission in europe and the usa. Dengue classically presents with high fever, headache, body aches, exanthem, and generalized lymphadenopathy. Pdf dengue virus infection in aedes albopictus during the. Zika virus zikv is an emerging mosquitoborne virus that belongs to the genus flavivirus and was first isolated in uganda 4. Protective and enhancing hla alleles, hladrb1 0901 and hlaa 24, for severe forms of dengue virus infection, dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. Using as examples zika, chikungunya and dengue, we summarise current knowledge on characteristics of the viruses and their transmission, clinical.
Once the outbreak was recognized in late august 2014, concerted efforts were made to contain spread of the virus, including mosquito control targeting both adults and larvae, disseminating news of the outbreak via mass media, communication of dengue risk by experts to raise public awareness, and even a total ban on entering the park. To investigate the prevalence of dengue virus in pakistan during 2009 2014, a total of 9,493 blood samples were screened for the detection of anti dengue igm antibodies using elisa. As the disease spreads to new geographical areas, the frequency of the. Here, we report the results of the detection and isolation of dengue virus denv from. Distinguishing secondary dengue virus infection from zika. Dengue fever is a mosquitoborne infection that causes severe flulike symptoms and can be fatal. Dengue fever can be caused by any one of four types of dengue virus.
In this study, we aimed to understand the clinical characteristics of hospitalized patients with laboratoryconfirmed dengue virus. All of these pathogens are spread by mosquitoes, however, malaria is caused by a parasite, while west nile and dengue are both transmitted by viruses 2. Our new crystalgraphics chart and diagram slides for powerpoint is a collection of over impressively designed datadriven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. Symptoms include a high fever, headaches, joint and muscle pain, vomiting, and a rash. This outbreak led to an increase in dengue surveillance in tropical and subtropical regions of china. Reemergence and autochthonous transmission of dengue virus. Dengue virus net is the web resource for anyone interested in dengue. Dengue is common in more than 100 countries around the world.
Dengue is a mosquitotransmitted virus and the leading cause of arthropodborne viral disease in the world. Illness is characterised by an abrupt onset of fever often. Dengue is a mosquitoborne infection that causes a severe flulike illness dengue fever, and sometimes a potentially lethal complication called dengue haemorrhagic fever. Dengue fever is a disease caused by a family of viruses transmitted by aedes mosquitoes symptoms of dengue fever include severe joint and muscle pain, swollen lymph nodes, headache, fever, exhaustion, and rash. Pdf dengue virus infection in aedes albopictus during. In this table, provisional cases of selected notifiable diseases. The full life cycle of dengue fever virus involves the role of mosquitoes as a transmitter or vector and humans as the main victim and source of infection. Dengue viruses are spread to people through the bite of an infected aedes species ae. Wenyang tsai, han ha youn, carlos brites, jihjin tsai, jasmine tyson, celia pedroso, jan felix drexler, mars stone, graham simmons, michael p busch, marion lanteri, susan l stramer, angel balmaseda, eva harris, weikung wang, distinguishing secondary dengue virus infection from zika virus infection with previous dengue by a combination of 3 simple serological tests, clinical infectious. An estimated 500 000 people with severe dengue require hospitalization each year, and about 2. Coinfection with zika and dengue viruses in 2 patients, new caledonia, 2014 myrielle dupontrouzeyrol, olivia oconnor, elodie calvez, maguy daures, michele john, jeanpaul grangeon, annclaire gourinat authors affiliations. Every year, dengue virus denv infections cause more than 50 million cases, 500,000 hospitalizations, and.
Seroprevalence of dengue and chikungunya virus antibodies. Dengue virus dengue virus is a member of the flaviviridae family, along with yellow fever, west nile, japanese encephalitis and tickborne encephalitis tbe viruses. Clinical and epidemiological features of the 2014 large. The remainder predominantly suffers subclinical, selflimiting flulike symptoms, known as dengue fever.
Concurrent outbreaks of dengue, chikungunya and zika virus infections an unprecedented epidemic wave of mosquitoborne viruses in the pacific 20122014 a roth 1, a mercier 1, c lepers 1, d hoy 1, s duituturaga 1, e benyon 1, l guillaumot 2, y souares 1. Mar 12, 2020 dengue is an infection caused by a virus. September 14, 2014 fulltext html pdf dengue viruses have spread rapidly within countries and across regions in the past few decades, resulting in an increased frequency of epidemics and severe dengue disease, hyperendemicity of multiple dengue virus serotypes in many tropical countries, and autochthonous transmission in. In 2014 in japan, 162 autochthonous dengue cases were reported for the first time in nearly 70 years. Current and historical conditions indexed list of current and historical nationally notifiable conditions. Nucleotide sequencing and phylogenetics of the complete cook islands zika virus envelope gene revealed 99. Dengue virus is prevalent throughout the tropics and subtropics. Today, dengue is regarded as the most prevalent and rapidly spreading. Dengue is the most prevalent arthropodborne viral disease in tropical and subtropical countries. Denv belongs to the genus flavivirus and is transmitted by aedes spp. There are four characterised serotypes of dengue virus, designated denv1 to 4. Although most cases are asymptomatic, severe illness and death may occur.
Nevertheless, scientists understanding of dengue virus may be simplistic, as rather than distinct antigenic groups, a continuum appears. Every year, dengue virus denv infections cause more than 50 million cases, 500,000 hospitalizations, and 12,500 deaths worldwide. The 20 2014 chikungunya outbreak represented the first recorded outbreak of the disease outside of tropical africa and asia. Zika virus serology igm can be positive due to antibodies against related flaviviruses e. Outbreaks of zika virus, dengue and chikungunya in oceania from january 2012 to september 2014.
It is caused by a virus from the flaviviridae family and has four main serotypes. A severe form of dengue fever, also called dengue hemorrhagic fever, can cause severe bleeding, a sudden drop in blood pressure shock and death. Dec 04, 2014 he knew, however, that other pathogens could be the cause of her discomfort, such as west nile virus or even dengue fever virus, a virus that is closely related to west nile virus 3. The aedes aegypti mosquito is the primary vector of dengue. Coinfection with zika and dengue viruses in 2 patients. Identification of zika virus and dengue virus dependency. Martin county dengue outbreak and serosurvey martin county. Dengue virus binding and replication by platelets blood. It is also known as breakbone fever due to the severity of muscle spasms and joint pain, dandy fever, or sevenday fever because of the usual duration of symptoms. Ppt dengue virus powerpoint presentation free to download. A risk to anyone traveling to a tropical or subtropical region of the world where dengue virus is found. In the last 50 years, dengue incidence has increased 30fold, worldwide.
Today, dengue is regarded as the most prevalent and rapidly spreading mosquitoborne viral. The recent emergence and reemergence of viral infections transmitted by vectorszika, chikungunya, dengue, japanese encephalitis, west nile, yellow fever and othersis a cause for international concern. Feb 03, 2016 results of the phylogenetic analysis suggest a strong relationship between the japan 2014 virus and a virus that was first identified in the singapore dengue epidemic of 2005 also seen in 20042006 and 20082009 and then circulated for a number of years in asia. In december 20, the first locally transmitted case of chikungunya in the americas was detected in saint martin. Transmission dengue virus can be transmitted from the bite of an infected aedes mosquito. Por lo tanto, una persona puede tener hasta cuatro enfermedades por dengue durante su vida. An initial serum sample collected in march, 2014 was positive by two separate zika virus taqman realtime rtpcrs and a panflavivirus rtpcr. In 2014, an outbreak of dengue fever was identified in hawaii with other outbreaks in 20 in brownsville, texas and key west, fla. Dengue guidelines for diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control dengue guidelines for diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control new edition neglected tropical diseases ntd tdr world health organization hivaids, tuberculosis and malaria htm 20, avenue appia world health organization 1211 geneva 27. Dengue virus is one of the most widespread mosquitoborne viruses worldwide, with an estimated annual infection rate around 390 million. Dengue is a febrile illness caused by a flavivirus transmitted by aedes aegypti or aedes albopictus mosquitoes while taking a blood meal. There are four dengue virus denv types, designated as denv1, denv2, denv3, and denv4. Dengue cases continue to be detected more frequently and its geographic range continues to expand. All cases were found to have been infected with dengue virus 1 denv1.
Five serotypes of the virus have been found, all of which can cause the full spectrum of disease. Natural transmission and onset of human disease follows the bite of an infected mosquito and predominantly. A member of the family flaviviridae, genus flavivirus, zika virus zikv is a mosquitoborne pathogen of medical significance which, like dengue virus denv, has caused outbreaks of human infection in africa, asia and the pacific region. Cocirculation and coinfections of all dengue virus. Sep 14, 2014 dengue viruses have spread rapidly within countries and across regions in the past few decades, resulting in an increased frequency of epidemics and severe dengue disease, hyperendemicity of multiple dengue virus serotypes in many tropical countries, and autochthonous transmission in europe and the usa. Dengue fever is a mosquitoborne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. Dengue virus more likely to cause neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, hemorrhage, shock, and death patients with suspected chikungunya should be managed as dengue until dengue has been ruledout o proper clinical management of dengue. Shortly after the first case the disease began to spread rapidly throughout the caribbean region. In 2014, 11 cases of chikungunya virus infection were identified in travelers returning from the caribbean and in 2015, 40 travelassociated cases were reported in washington. Dengue is a viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes especially aedes aegypti and is widely distributed throughout the tropics and subtropics. In a small proportion of cases, the disease develops into severe dengue, also known as dengue. Mild dengue fever causes a high fever, rash, and muscle and joint pain.1205 928 832 873 1145 318 568 652 1220 225 1596 505 1114 202 919 763 680 805 1518 1144 1045 1348 1180 1107 680 464 1157 278 624 1094 1529 794 1196 860 145 1272 1509 532 519 1164 33 427 1483 694 1370 765 1049 1129 1021 138